In today’s world, inclusivity and accessibility are becoming increasingly important aspects to consider in all areas of design and construction. Concrete, being a versatile material, has become a popular choice for creating accessible spaces that cater to individuals with disabilities. Even small details, such as stamped concrete designs and precast concrete steps, can make a significant impact in creating welcoming and inclusive spaces.

In this blog, we will explore important considerations for incorporating accessibility and accommodating disabilities into concrete design projects.

The Inclusion of Ramps and Sloped Surfaces

Ramps are a fundamental element in creating accessible spaces. They are essential for wheelchair users, individuals with mobility impairments, and those with strollers or other mobility devices. When designing ramps, consider factors such as the slope, width, handrails, and non-slip surfacing.

→ Slope

The slope of a ramp should typically adhere to a 1:12 ratio. This means that for every inch of rise, there should be 12 inches of length. This gradual slope ensures ease of use for individuals with mobility challenges.

→ Width

Ensure that the ramp is wide enough to accommodate wheelchairs and mobility devices comfortably. A minimum width of 36 inches is generally recommended.

→ Handrails

Handrails on both sides of the ramp provide crucial support. They should be at a proper height and graspable, making it easier for individuals to maintain their balance while using the ramp.

→ Non-slip Surfacing

Stamped concrete designs can be used creatively to incorporate slip-resistant textures on the ramp surface. This not only enhances safety but also adds to the aesthetic appeal of the design.

Accessible Precast Steps

A textured concrete non-slippery stairs with low steps for accessibility

Precast concrete steps are a popular choice for both residential and commercial properties.

When installing precast concrete steps, it’s essential to ensure that they meet accessibility standards. This includes providing handrails on both sides, proper dimensions, non-slip textures, and contrasting nosing to aid individuals with visual impairments.

→ Handrails

Handrails on both sides of precast concrete steps are crucial for stability and support. They should be installed at a comfortable height, typically between 34-38 inches from the step’s surface.

→ Dimensions

The dimensions of each step should be consistent and within recommended guidelines. Variations in step height can create tripping hazards, especially for those with mobility impairments.

→ Non-slip Textures

To enhance safety, consider using non-slip textures on the steps. This can be achieved through various methods, including textured stamps during the concrete pouring process or the application of anti-slip coatings.

→ Contrasting Nosing

Adding a contrasting color or texture to the nosing (the edge of the steps) can help individuals with visual impairments perceive the step’s presence and depth.

Choosing the Right Texture

A textured concrete ramp going down

When it comes to concrete surfaces, texture matters. The texture of a surface affects its slip resistance and can have a significant impact on the accessibility of a space.

Selecting the appropriate texture for your concrete surface is essential to balance aesthetics with functionality. Stamped concrete designs offer a wide range of possibilities in terms of texture while maintaining an aesthetically pleasing appearance.

Slip Resistance

For areas with heavy foot traffic, it’s essential to prioritize slip resistance. A smooth, slip-resistant finish is recommended to reduce the risk of accidents, especially in wet or icy conditions.

Contrast in Surface Texture

To help individuals with visual impairments identify transitions and potential hazards, consider incorporating contrast in surface texture. For example, you can use a different texture for walkways compared to seating areas.


Keep in mind that over time, the texture of concrete surfaces may wear down. Regular maintenance, such as refinishing, is necessary to ensure that the texture remains effective in preventing slips and falls.

Handrail Design

Handrails and guardrails provide essential support and safety features in concrete design.

Proper handrail design is critical for accessibility and safety. When incorporating handrails into your concrete design. Handrails should be installed at a consistent height of 34-38 inches above the walking surface. They should also be easy to grasp, typically with a circular cross-section for a comfortable grip. Handrails should extend smoothly along the entire length of the ramp or stairs. There should be no interruptions or gaps that could pose a hazard. Choose materials that are durable and suitable for outdoor use, as handrails are exposed to the elements. Stainless steel and galvanized steel are common choices due to their strength and resistance to corrosion.

One More Thing: Lighting!

Well-placed lighting not only enhances safety but also helps individuals with visual impairments navigate spaces comfortably. When designing with concrete, consider integrating lighting fixtures into your stamped concrete designs or precast concrete steps to illuminate pathways and critical areas.

→ Pathway Lighting

Install lighting along pathways, ramps, and staircases to ensure that these areas are well-lit and free from shadows or dark spots.

→ Motion Sensors

Consider using motion-activated lighting in outdoor spaces to conserve energy while providing adequate illumination when needed.

→ Light Levels

Ensure that lighting levels comply with local regulations and standards, and choose lighting fixtures that provide even and consistent illumination.

→ Emergency Lighting

In commercial or public spaces, emergency lighting systems are essential to guide individuals to exits in case of power outages or emergencies.

Leverage the Knowledge of Skilled Professionals in the Concrete Industry

Leveraging the expertise of professional concrete service providers can significantly enhance the safety, accessibility, and aesthetic appeal of your property. Whether you’re opting for visually striking stamped concrete designs or highly practical precast concrete steps, seasoned professionals can guide you through the process, ensuring all accessibility standards are met, and your specific needs are catered to. Don’t hesitate to invest in expertise that can transform your space into a more inclusive, functional, and beautiful environment.

Think your property is due for a concrete upgrade? TNA Concrete in Calgary offers a wide range of concrete services for residential and commercial properties. From stamped concrete designs to precast concrete steps, our team has the knowledge and experience to bring your vision to life while meeting accessibility standards. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help enhance the safety, accessibility, and aesthetic appeal of your property.